Le altre isole abitate sono Foula, a 28 km ad ovest di Walls, Fair Isle a 38 km a sud-ovest di Sumburgh Head e le Outer Skerries ad est.  This combination is reflected in many aspects of local life. Other 20th- and 21st-century poets and novelists include Christine De Luca, Robert Alan Jamieson who grew up in Sandness, the late Lollie Graham of Veensgarth, Stella Sutherland of Bressay, the late William J. Tait from Yell and Laureen Johnson. Shetland has an oceanic temperate maritime climate (Köppen: Cfb), bordering on, but very slightly above average in summer temperatures, the subpolar variety, with long but cool winters and short mild summers. Quando la Scozia divenne parte del Regno di Gran Bretagna nel 1707, i commerci con l'Europa settentrionale diminuirono, ma la pesca continuò a rivestire un ruolo fondamentale nell'economia fino al giorno d'oggi. Most of the individual islands have Norse names, although the derivations of some are obscure and may represent pre-Norse, possibly Pictish or even pre-Celtic names or elements. , Much of Shetland's economy depends on the oil-bearing sediments in the surrounding seas.  Shetland is within the Highlands and Islands electoral region. The climate all year round is moderate owing to the influence of the surrounding seas, with average night-time low temperatures a little above 1 °C (34 °F) in January and February and average daytime high temperatures of near 14 °C (57 °F) in July and August. [Note 7] In 1470, William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness ceded his title to James III, and the following year the Northern Isles were directly absorbed to the Crown of Scotland, an action confirmed by the Parliament of Scotland in 1472. , Shetland has a national scenic area which, unusually, includes a number of discrete locations: Fair Isle, Foula, South West Mainland (including the Scalloway Islands), Muckle Roe, Esha Ness, Fethaland and Herma Ness. * * * altShetland o Zetland/alt … I viaggi di attraversamento del Mare del Nord vennero fatti principalmente in inverno per facilitare il raggiungimento della costa norvegese coperti dall'oscurità della notte artica.  A midden site at West Voe on the south coast of Mainland, dated to 4320–4030 BC, has provided the first evidence of Mesolithic human activity in Shetland. The Pleistocene glaciations entirely covered the islands. Il carattere generale del clima è ventoso e nuvoloso con almeno 2 mm di pioggia al giorno in oltre 250 giorni l'anno.  Shetland was colonised during the late 8th and 9th centuries, the fate of the existing indigenous population being uncertain, though it is now seen that Modern Shetlanders have overwhelmingly Scottish DNA according to a major research project, which shows that that only 20% of isles DNA is traceable to Norwegian ancestors. The Shetland Black is a variety of blue potato with a dark skin and indigo-coloured flesh markings. ; pronunc. Loganair operates flights to other parts of Scotland up to ten times a day, the destinations being Kirkwall, Aberdeen, Inverness, Glasgow and Edinburgh. Le isole sono anche una delle 32 regioni unitarie scozzesi; il centro amministrativo dell'arcipelago e unico burgh è Lerwick, che è anche il capoluogo delle Shetland fin dal 1708; in precedenza, Scalloway deteneva questo titolo. Attitudine: duplice (lana e carne). Le isole Shetland possiedono solamente un giornale locale a cadenza settimanale, "The Shetland Times", pubblicato ogni venerdì. , Due to the practice, dating to at least the early Neolithic, of building in stone on virtually treeless islands, Shetland is extremely rich in physical remains of the prehistoric eras and there are over 5,000 archaeological sites all told. Vi era inoltre la possibilità di essere catturati mentre compivano la loro missione sulla costa norvegese. Shetland wool synonyms, Shetland wool pronunciation, Shetland wool translation, English dictionary definition of Shetland wool. , In the 14th century, Orkney and Shetland remained a Norwegian possession, but Scottish influence was growing.  There are plans for road tunnels to some of the islands, especially Bressay and Whalsay; however, it is hard to convince the mainland government to finance them. It saw as its models the Isle of Man, as well as Shetland's closest neighbour, the Faroe Islands, an autonomous dependency of Denmark.  Durante la Seconda guerra mondiale alcune navi provenienti dalle isole Shetland fornirono un servizio di soccorso clandestino alla Norvegia occupata dalle truppe della Germania; questa serie di operazioni venne chiamata l'"autobus delle Shetland" ("the Shetland Bus"). Shetland mouse-ear (Cerastium nigrescens) is an endemic flowering plant found only in Shetland. La mano della lana Shetland è particolarmente morbida e calda. Fair Isle (/ ˈ f ɛər ˌ aɪ l /; Scots: Fair Isle; Old Norse: Friðarey; Scottish Gaelic: Fara) is an island in Shetland, in northern Scotland.It lies about halfway between mainland Shetland and Orkney.It is known for its bird observatory and a traditional style of knitting.The island has been owned by the National Trust for Scotland since 1954. , The population stood at 17,814 in 1961. * * * shetland (ingl. It is also mentioned in Njáls saga, and means "By law shall land be built". The Screenplay film festival takes place annually in Mareel, a cinema, music and education venue. The Shetland is a small, wool-producing breed of sheep originating in the Shetland Isles, Scotland but is now also kept in many other parts of the world.  Taxes from the oil have increased public sector spending on social welfare, art, sport, environmental measures and financial development. Vi sono anche depositi di Old Red Sandstone e instrusioni granitiche; le caratteristiche più distintive sono rappresentate dall'ofiolite basica, peridotite e gabbro su Unst e Fetlar, che costituiscono i resti dell'Oceano Giapeto. Le fibre di lana hanno una lunghezza che va da 40 mm a 350 mm e un diametro che va da 16 μm fino ad oltre 50 µm. Shetlandsöarna är en skotsk ögrupp och kommun (tidigare ett grevskap och en region) belägen på gränsen mellan Nordsjön och Atlanten, nordöst om Storbritannien; mellan Orkneyöarna, Färöarna och Norge.Ytan är 1 468 km².. Den största ön heter Mainland, där också huvudorten Lerwick ligger. Fa parte del gruppo di pecore dalla coda corta del Nord Europa ed è strettamente imparentato con l'estinto Dunface scozzese.Shetlands sono classificati come ecotipi o razza "non migliorata". G137. , In 1194, when Harald Maddadsson was Earl of Orkney and Shetland, a rebellion broke out against King Sverre Sigurdsson of Norway. Origine: Gran Bretagna. The programme is filmed partly in Shetland and partly on the Scottish mainland. , Vikings then used the islands as a base for pirate expeditions to Norway and the coasts of mainland Scotland. The Shetland Islands are located north-east of Scotland at 60 degrees latitude and are almost as close to Norway as they are Scotland. Although reported from two other sites in the nineteenth century, it currently grows only on two serpentine hills in the island of Unst. It covers an area of 1,468 km2 (567 sq mi) and has a coastline 2,702 km (1,679 mi) long. Hugh MacDiarmid, the Scots poet and writer, lived in Whalsay from the mid-1930s through 1942, and wrote many poems there, including a number that directly address or reflect the Shetland environment, such as "On A Raised Beach", which was inspired by a visit to West Linga. As the money was never paid, the connection with the Crown of Scotland became permanent. 2002). The largest island, known as "The Mainland", has an area of 967 km2 (373 sq mi), making it the third-largest Scottish island and the fifth-largest of the British Isles. 2008), General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003).  In 1469, Shetland was pledged by Christian I, in his capacity as King of Norway, as security against the payment of the dowry of his daughter Margaret, betrothed to James III of Scotland. Thule is first mentioned by, As with all western dialects of Norse, the stressed. 72–73, Shetland Islands Council (2010) pp. 16-17, Shetland Islands Council, (2010), pp. , Transport between islands is primarily by ferry, and Shetland Islands Council operates various inter-island services. The local way of life reflects the Norse and Scottish heritage of the isles, including the Up Helly Aa fire festival and a strong musical tradition, especially the traditional fiddle style.  The later Iron Age inhabitants of the Northern Isles were probably Pictish, although the historical record is sparse. Le precipitazioni medie sono intorno ai 1003 mm l'anno, con novembre e dicembre che risultano i mesi più umidi. L'isola più estesa, conosciuta semplicemente come Mainland, ha un'area di 967 km², il che la rende la terza isola maggiore della Scozia e la quinta maggiore delle isole britanniche; oltre a Mainland, altre 15 isole sono abitate. The early historic period was dominated by Scandinavian influences, especially from Norway. Maggiore importanza hanno l'allevamento e la pesca. L'etichettatura tessile è l'insieme delle indicazioni che obbligatoriamente per legge devono apparire su apposita etichetta su ogni capo di abbigliamento ed ogni prodotto tessile messo in commercio. Un altro possibile riferimento scritto alle isole è di Tacito e risale al 98 d.C., dopo la descrizione e la scoperta delle isole Orcadi, che la flotta romana ha identificato come la mitica Thule. , In October 2018, legislation came into force in Scotland to prevent public bodies, without good reason, showing Shetland in a separate box in maps, as had often been the practice. This strategy eventually led to an invasion of Scotland by Haakon Haakonsson, King of Norway. Shetland è una serie televisiva britannica prodotta da ITV per la BBC, trasmessa dal 10 marzo 2013 su BBC One e basata sui personaggi creati da Ann Cleeves.. The islands were gradually integrated into Scotland. During that period, the Stanes of Stofast, a 2000-tonne glacial erratic, came to rest on a prominent hilltop in Lunnasting. Nel 43 d.c. e nel 77 d.c. gli scrittori romani Pomponio Mela e Plinio il Vecchio parlano di sette isole che chiamano, rispettivamente, Haemodae e Acmodae, che potrebbero identificarsi con le Shetland. Lo stile di vita locale riflette le tradizioni norrene e scozzesi, tra cui emerge il festival del fuoco Up Helly Aa. During this period 120 men were taken from Fetlar alone, and only 20 of them returned home. , Only 16 of about 100 islands are inhabited. , Numerous brochs were erected during the Iron Age. La lana è una fibra proteica di tipo cheratinico e risulta costituita da carbonio (50%), ossigeno (22-24%), idrogeno (7%), azoto (16-17%) e zolfo (3-4%). shetland dk jamiesons's 100% lana shetland. , Scalloway on the west coast, which was the capital until 1708, has a population of less than 1,000. , There are two monthly magazines in production: Shetland Life and i'i' Shetland. , The archipelago is exposed to wind and tide, and there are numerous sites of wrecked ships. , There is a variety of indigenous breeds, of which the diminutive Shetland pony is probably the best known, as well as being an important part of the Shetland farming tradition. La compagnia low-cost Loganair opera, per conto di Flybe, circa dieci voli giornalieri per Kirkwall, Aberdeen, Inverness, Glasgow ed Edimburgo.. However, British rule came at price for many ordinary people as well as traders. Steer, Patrick (1999) "Shetland Biodiversity Audit". In addition to Mousa there are significant ruins at Clickimin, Culswick, Old Scatness and West Burrafirth, although their origin and purpose is a matter of some controversy. 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